Beauty wisdom

Do You Use Protection? Sunscreen That Is!

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This week we’ll be answering some of the most common questions that we get regarding sun protection.

 
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Chemical sunscreen uses ingredients that absorb into the skin and work by absorbing the UV rays, converting them to heat and then releases this heat back into the environment. These sunscreens tend to be thinner formulations that don’t feel as heavy on the skin but few chemicals used for sun protection provide broad spectrum protection, usually failing when it comes to UVA.

Physical sunscreens sit on the surface of the skin and reflect the UV rays, these tend to be thicker formulations that can cause a white cast and need to be worked into the skin however they are the best option for full spectrum protection.

Always make sure that your sunscreen provides broad spectrum protection - it just so happens that zinc is the best broad spectrum sunscreen ingredient on the market.

 
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UVA and UVB refer to UltraViolet A & B, there’s also UVC although that isn’t talked about much. The A, the B and the C refers to the wavelengths of light. A helpful shorthand for understanding how they affect you is that the A stands for Aging, the B stands for Burning and the C stands for Cancer. It’s worth noting that this is a very basic shorthand and that all 3 wavelengths can cause all 3 kinds of damage with prolonged exposure. 

Generally the UVA is not absorbed by the Ozone Layer so most of the radiation damage we receive comes from UVA, it is not usually affected by cloud cover. UVB is mostly absorbed by the Ozone Layer and what does get through can be blocked by cloud cover so this form of UV usually affects us during direct sun exposure. UVC is almost completely absorbed by the Ozone Layer but some does get through, especially in areas with a compromised Ozone Layer such as Australia.

 
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You absolutely can! You need to be using sunscreen EVERY day.

While the cloud cover cuts out most of UVB, UVA still gets through and with prolonged exposure, you can still burn, especially if you are fair. This bigger issue with exposure on overcast days is the aging ability of the UVA on you skin. The Free Radical damage that is happening on a cellular level is causing your cells to age at a much greater rate so because you’re less likely to burn or feel the damage, it’s super important to get into the habit of wearing sunscreen daily. A good quality Vitamin C Serum is also a great idea from the age of about 20 to help support your SPF by being a powerful antioxidant the directly fight the free radical damage caused by UV exposure.

 
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SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor and that is your baseline burn rate based on your own skin. For example, if you burn after 20 minutes of exposure that’s your natural SPF rate.

SPF ratings on products refer to the fraction of sunburn-producing UV rays that reach the skin. In this example a product with an SPF of 20 will mean that 1/20 of the burning radiation will reach your skin provided that you have applied you product correctly (and we will get to application shortly). This means that it will take 20 times longer for you to burn so proper application of a sunscreen with an SPF of 20 will give you 400 minutes or about 6.5 hours of protection before you will burn. Most sunscreens will require you to re-apply every 2 hours or more frequently depending on your activity level but once you have reached 6.5 hours you will begin to burn no matter how much sunscreen you reapply.

This fraction also refers to the percentage of UV that is blocked. An SPF of 20 blocks approximately 94% of UV, an SPF of 30 blocks approximately 96% of UV and an SPF of 50 blocks approximately 98% of UV so you can see that once you hit 30, the difference is much smaller so our advice is to find a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 20 that you like to wear daily, and stick with it. If you are outdoors, we recommend upping that to at least a 30 as well as wearing a hat.

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You should apply sunscreen about 15 minutes before sun exposure and reapply every 2 hours or more frequently if sweating or swimming. Sunscreen are tested for effectiveness at 2mg per centimeter of skin. What does that mean? The American Academy of Dermatology recommends that an adult uses an ounce of sunscreen for a full body application. The Cancer Council of Australia says that’s approximately ½ a teaspoon for face, head and neck, same for each arm and same for each other section too. If you think that sounds like a lot, it’s actually because at a lower rate than this, sunscreen protection is spotty and doesn’t provide consistent protection. If your current sunscreen is too greasy or white or too expensive to apply at this rate then we suggest you find another sunscreen that you like or can at least tolerate the dry down, smell and feel of so that you can use it daily at the right amount to protect your skin. Most people tend to apply about ½ (or less!) of the correct amount meaning that they get less than ½ of the protection listed on the label.

Remember though, once you have hit your maximum protection (SPF x your natural burn rate) you will burn no matter how much sunscreen you re-apply.


Check out Spa Sophia’s picks for this Summer available now at Spa Sophia…

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  1. TiZo Fusion Sheer Botanicals Non-Tinted SPF 45 $41.00

  2. Epicuren Discovery X-Tream Cream SPF 45 $43.00

  3. TiZo Fusion TiZo2 Primer/Sunscreen Non-Tinted SPF 40 $41.00

  4. Epicuren Discovery Zinc Oxide Perfecting Sunscreen SPF 27 $43.00

  5. Epicuren Discovery Active Sport Treat SPF 30+ $35.50

  6. TiZo Fusion Ultra Zinc Tinted SPF 40 $41.00

  7. ISUN Antioxidant Sun Butter SPF 27 $40.00

Skin Care Tips From Esthetician Kimberly Cole

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Our estheticians are full of knowledge and they gladly dispense it for you at the spa. Not near Venice, or in need of a little refresher? No worries, we'll share their wisdom here! Up this time: our longtime esthetician Kimbery. Coming from a nutritional point of view with the skin, Kim looks to Dr. Gerson’s approach to caring for the body: Most issues can be linked to dehydration, toxicity and/or malnutrition. Kim has worked and toured with internationally known celebrities since 2002, customizing treatments for their skin and body care. See her skin care advice below!

1. What are the 5 skincare products every woman should own?

  • A gentle cleanser: Rarely will I suggest a cleanser with AHA (alpha hydroxy acid) for ongoing use in Los Angeles' climate, which is a desert. WHY? Helping the acid mantel heal and restore is the most important part in skincare. Your cleanser should be your BFF product. One of my favorites is Hylunia’s Creamy Cleanser used with a Clarisonic.
  • A clarisonicPeople have a lot of questions about wether or not they should use them, this is why I’m for them: If you have ever used a Sonicare toothbrush (same family company) you can feel the difference in cleanliness and polish of your teeth. It’s immediate, and it makes it hard to ever return to an inferior clean/polish. You get a gentle massage - which helps with micro-circulation - and a clean polish, getting rid of makeup, sweat, SPF and keratin build up without the possibility of dryness or a reaction to ingredients. Vasalating 300 times a second, this gentle polishing preps the skin for proper hydration and product penetration. Also, the brushes are made to have no cuticles to avoid bacteria build up.
  • Hylunia’s Hyaluronic Acid: Hydration is the first step in good skin care. The definition of hydration is the supply and retention of adequate water in biological tissues. If you are serious about keeping your skin young then you must bump up and retain the water content in your skin’s cells! Hyaluronic Acid (HA) is great for this because it holds 1800 times its weight in hydration (Aloe holds 300-400 times its weight). It's a fat chubby molecule that insulates the skin with hydration and creates a climate control. It’s the best solution for redness, dehydrated or irritated skin and is the perfect companion for traveling. Hylunia’s HA is made specifically for sensitive skin types, though it's beneficial for a whole spectrum of conditions. Their products come in different weights to be used alone or under a cream.
  • Rotation Diet Products: These are your treatment products such as AHA /BHA, vitamin C, retinols, Peptides, Herb infused oils/serums (like ISUN’s). Just like how in your diet you can't get all your nutritional needs from just one type of food, in your skin care you can't get them all from just one product. This of course is where customizing for each client comes in.
  • Protection with an SPF: I prefer a Non Nano Zinc – Zinc is a mineral, and aides the immune system. It is prescribed by doctors in the healing of acne and helps to sooth inflamed, irritated skin as found in calamine lotions and FDA approved for babies in diaper rash creams. Zinc protects from UVA and UVB and a larger UV spectrum than Titanium dioxide. I prefer non nano minerals because they don't cross the blood barrier. Applying a trace mineral like Zinc or Titanium in nano form everyday could create a possibility of toxicity, like mercury or iron.

1. What skincare ingredient should you avoid?

It depends on wether it’s an everyday product or a once in a while product. I’m not a fan of Sodium Lauryl Sulfate. It’s usually found in cleansers and toothpaste, which are everyday products. It strips and irritates the skin (and gums) which leads to sensitivity and weakens the skin’s ability to heal. This can contribute to breakouts, even when it's in your toothpaste. I also don't use artificial fragrances because they are a large cause of skin irritations. I stay away from Lanoline, which tends to be in makeup and can cause clogging. Finally I stay away from parabens, which are used as preservatives and have been known to show up in breast tissue and are sometimes linked to hormone disruption.

3. What is the best skincare for the day?

Always make sure you hydrate, then protect if you are going to be in the sun. I prefer my hydration and SPF separate. Another product great for the day is Vitamin C which helps to protect against cellular damage. We carry some of the very best stable forms of Vitamin C in our products such as Hylunia, Epicuren and ISUN’s.

4. What is the best skincare for the night?

This is where your treatment products are used, so it depends if it’s anti-aging or acne we're treating. Here in Southern California we are in a desert so I would suggest using extra hydration because all skin care needs to start with this very important step. Proper hydration and using a moisturizer are not always the same thing. I prefer my clients to bring in what they are using so we can really figure out their best plan of action. I sometimes suggest getting a humidifier as an aid to receive more hydration when you sleep.

5. What is the best skin care remedy for acne breakouts?

Acne can be caused by lots of different things and can happen in your teens or during menopause, and each would be treated differently. But you never want to overly dry out the skin, so beyond gentle cleansing and exfoliating I have had great success with Tuel’s Organic Colloidal Sulphur products, such as the gel or the mask with zinc. I have also found that sugar plays a big part. As a professional tool, I have been using a little secret for years that kills bacteria, viruses, yeast, etc. while hydrating and helping to completely heal the skin. It's low PH electrolyzed water.

6. How often should I get a facial?

That depends on what we are trying to accomplish. For upkeep, one every 4 to 6 weeks is good. But depending on the client and their goals, we could do a facial everyday or twice a week. Spa Sophia's Facial Boot Camp is a really good way of starting and sustaining a facial regime. In it we combine Micro-current treatments, Cold Laser Therapy/LED Light facials, and Highly Refined Peels that are mixed for your skin type. The Oxygen Infusion Facial is also a great example of a facial that could be done multiple times a week for special events, or even daily. Unlike many spa's we use the same Intraceuticals system for our Oxygen Facial that celebrities like Madonna use before events, photo shoots or on tour. The Oxygen Facial uses Hyperbaric Oxygen to gently nourish your skin’s cells with antioxidants, hydration, Vitamin C or Collagen Boosters. It creates a glowing, visibly younger looking skin instantly!

Having studied nutrition for 10 years before she became an esthetician, Kim has a well-rounded, holistic insight that greatly enhances her advice. "My approach is more of a wellness program, not just treating the symptoms," says Kim.

Want to book a facial with Kim or one of Spa Sophia’s other expert estheticians? Book one online now, email us or call (310) 564 6676.

The Top 10 Skin Care Questions Answered by Celebrity Esthetician Natarsha Bimson!

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Summer is around the corner! We can't wait to sip cocktails at the beach, splash around in salty water, travel, and soak in the sun. But while it's all great fun, summer can also wreak havoc on your skin. That's why now is a good time to make sure your skin care routine and beauty knowledge is up to standards. How? Let Spa Sophia facialist and celebrity esthetician Natarsha Bimson answer all your most common skin care questions!

1. What 5 skin care products should every woman own?

Let’s assume that we have a decent moisturizer and a gentle cleanser! My top 5 products to keep your skin healthy would be:

  • Sunscreen (SPF20-30) Epicuren’s Zinc Oxide Perfecting Sunscreen SPF 27 is a great option.
  • Washcloths, super affordable and so much better than just hands.
  • Vitamin C Serum. Look for 10% to 25% in order to get results. Hylunia’s Beyond Complex C is lovely.
  • A leave on AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acid). 5% glycolic is usually a great starting point for getting into AHAs. I have so many of my clients hooked on Epicuren’s 5% Glycolic Peel Lotion that we have trouble keeping it on the shelf!
  • Retinol (Vitamin A). For retinol you should aim for around 0.5% to 1% for best results with minimal irritation. Epicuren’s Retinol Anti-Wrinkle Cream is great because it combines glycolic acid with retinol in its formulation.

2. What skin care ingredients should be avoided?

I’m really against ingredient shaming. I think it’s just scare tactics and tends to show a lack of understanding of basic chemistry and formulating. But I would say avoid anything that you have an allergy or sensitivity to. It sounds obvious but you’d be surprised how many people ignore their skin type type in pursuit of following trends.

If you have sensitive skin, keep clear of fragranced or essential oil heavy formulations. Alcohol is the one that I try to avoid the most as well as petrochemicals (mineral oil, etc). People are usually surprised to learn that synthetic ingredients are often the most gentle and non-allergenic ingredients, but it’s true. Plant ingredients tend to be very inconsistent due to the part of the plant that's used and the time of the year that it’s harvested, so can cause a lot of problems for sensitive skin types.

3. What's the best skin care routine for the day?

The foundation to a good routine is cleansing, and I’m a huge advocate for washcloths. This is pretty much the basic regimen that I suggest to my clients:

  • Cleanse: Take a clean washcloth, wet it with hot water, wring it out and drape it over your face. Let it sit for a bit so the steam can cleanse.  Then gently wipe, get in to all the little nooks and crannies.
  • Hydrate: Spritz your face with a hydrating mist such as Hylunia’s Colloidal Silver Mist.
  • Treat: Apply a high quality Vitamin C serum. Vitamin C supports the function of your sunscreen by neutralizing the free radicals in the suns rays, preventing cellular degradation, so it is excellent for day time use. Give the serum some time to sink in before you apply moisturizer or SPF – go and have breakfast, read your emails, etc.
  • Moisturize: If your Vitamin C serum is not very hydrating or nourishing you may need a separate moisturizer and for most people, the one you use in the evenings should be fine.
  • Protect: Your SPF should be a separate product and I much prefer a physical one like zinc oxide to a chemical one.

4. What's the best skin care routine for the night?

At night it's all abour cleansing!

  • 1st Cleanse: Use oil or an oil based cream cleanser. I love Epicuren’s Apricot Cream Cleanser. The oil will break down the oil in your sunscreen and makeup, both of which are designed to stay on your face. Then use a was cloth in the same manner that you did in the morning.
  • 2nd Cleanse: I recommend non-foaming cleanser, mostly because foaming tend to strip the natural oils from your skin which it needs to function properly. If you absolutely have to use something foaming then I recommend Hylunia’s Facial Cleansing Gel as it has really gentle surfactants.
  • Exfoliate: Use a leave on AHA toner or lotion every other night or if you can tolerate it, every night.
  • Treat: Most people should be using a retinol serum or cream to slow down aging. These don’t have to be every night and are great to alternate with your AHA.
  • Moisturize: Find a well formulated moisturizer that is the correct weight for your skin. A couple of great options are Epicuren’s Nourish Daily Antioxidant Moisturizer or Hydro Plus Moisturizer.

5. What's the best way to treat acne & breakouts?

As for over the counter acne treatments: Benzoyl Peroxide is the gold standard. It may scare a lot of people because it can cause dryness, flakiness, redness and irritation when used at the wrong percentage. When used at lower percentages like 2.5% however,  it is just as effective as the stronger dosage but without the side effects.

I have had great success treating clients with 2.5% benzoyl peroxide. Used in conjunction with glycolic acid as part of a good regime, most grade 1 & 2 acne clears up. I’ve even had great success treating more severe grade 3 acne with this approach. Salicylic acid is then a good ingredient for maintenance.

6: How often should you get a facial?

Generally I would recommend every 3 to 6 weeks. That being said, you are far better off having a great routine at home and getting a facial once a season than being lazy at home and getting facials every 3 weeks. What you do each day will always make a bigger impact on your skin than what I can do once a month.

I always recommend booking the Spa Sophia Signature Facial for first time clients. It’s a great facial where we chat about what products you’re using, and what your concerns and goals are. That way we get to know your skin and work with you to design an at home regimen and treatment schedule to get you there.

7. Are expensive skin care products really better than regular skin care products?

In my opinion, there are many products without adequate data supporting their efficacy. Most people are swayed by a slick marketing campaign and results from poorly designed studies. By poorly designed I mean small test groups, no control groups and no blinding. At Spa Sophia I work with Epicuren and Hylunia, which are both great lines because they are cruelty free, have specialty products that include AHAs, BHAs, Vitamins, Hyaluronic Acid, Peptides, and many other active ingredients.

8. What is the best skin care routine when traveling?

Please don’t ever use soap on you face! I take everything in travel sizes with me. With many companies making travel sizes now, there’s no reason why you can’t follow your usual regimen while away from home.

One of my favorite tips for before and after long flights is to sneak in a couple of hydrating masks. Simply apply a mask such as Epicuren Hydrating Mineral Mask when you get up, go and read your emails or have some breakfast, and then wash your face as normal. You’ve snuck in 30 minutes of hydration without having to put any time aside, and your skin will thank you for it!

9. What is the best way to prevent & treat fine lines and wrinkles?

Sunscreen! Around 80% of premature aging is due to sun damage, and it’s never too late to start using a good quality, broad spectrum, physical sunscreen.

As for treatment, I particularly love Hylunia’s Intensive Repair Eye Cream. It’s packed full of peptides that help to relax the muscle in the eye area, reducing the micro-contractions that help form fine lines. Peptides also boost collagen production and inhibit the enzyme that breaks collagen down, slowing the loss. Brilliant product!

Also, AHAs help your active products penetrate better so I always recommend using AHAs to exfoliate and prep your skin. At Spa Sophia we have a number of excellent treatments that boost the effects from your home care products. The Oxygen Infusion facial is absolutely perfect if you have to look your best for an event or if your skin is dehydrated or sluggish. A unique blend of hyaluronic acid, vitamins, peptides and antioxidants is infused deep into the dermal layer resulting in instant firming, plumping and lifting. It’s one of Hollywood’s secret weapons!!

Want to book a facial with Natarsha or one of Spa Sophia's other expert estheticians? Book one online now, email us or call (310) 564 6676.

Best Products for Dry Skin

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Winter weather, hot air, aging: They can all lead to dry skin. On the upside: Dry skin is less prone to acne breakouts and blackheads. The downside: It's more prone to fine lines, irritation, flaking and red spots. Skin naturally gets dryer as we age, but that doesn't mean we can't remedy it. Here are the best products for dry skin... First of all: Make sure you actually have dry skin. You can have the best products for dry skin, but that won't help if you're actually not a dry skin type. Knowing your skin type is the first step towards proper skin care. Find out what your skin type is here.

Second: Know your ingredients. Hyaluronic acid, glycerin, dimethicone and ceramides are the go-to ingredients for dry skin. They pull water to the skin and keep it there. The best products for dry skin are those with at least one of these ingredients. Here are some of our favorites:

Exfoliators & Scrubs

Exfoliating twice a week is good for most skin types. The best exfoliating and scrubbing products for dry skin are products that are gentle and moisturizing. At Spa Sophia we're a fan of:

Jurlique Daily Exfoliating Cream

A non-granular exfoliating cream is recommended for every day use. It cleans deeply to lift away dead skin cells and leaves skin looking smooth and radiant

Hydrating Ingredients: Glycerin & essential oils

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Epicuren Apricot Scrub

A hydrating scrub designed specifically for dry and mature skin types. Finely ground and polished apricot seed and walnut shells slough away surface dryness and debris to reveal a smooth and fresh complexion

Hydrating Ingredients: Glycerin & essential oils

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Moisturizers

Obviously the most important part of keeping dry skin healthy is moisturization. Here's a selection of some of the best moisturizing products for dry skin:

Epicuren Hydro Plus Moisturizer

A rich crème that drenches the skin in moisture while remaining lightweight and mild. This natural, indulging blend helps protect against dehydration for a soft, healthy complexion.

Hydrating Ingredients: Glycerin & essential oils

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Jurlique Moisture Replenishing Day Cream

A rich, moisturising cream, with a powerful combination of emollients helps to deeply hydrate, and helps restore suppleness, while protecting against environmental aggressors. Leaves skin feeling smooth, moisturised and comfortable.

Hydrating ingredients: Glycerin & essential oils

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Toners & Mists

Mists and toners are great to keep with you and spray on throughout the day. Especially when working in air conditioned offices or when travelling to dry climates. Here are the best toner and mist products for dry skin:

Epicuren Colostrum Hydrating Mist 

A nutrient-rich mist that renews, restores, and increases hydration. Rich in life-supporting immune factors, growth factors, amino acids, and vitamins in a base of pure glacial water, this exhilarating complex is a revitalizing solution.

Hydrating Ingredients: Glycerin

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Jurlique Lavender Hydrating mist

A daily replenishing mist with the calming scent of lavender that tones and soothes the complexion. Ideal for dry skin.

Hydrating Ingredients: Glycerin & essential oils

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Serums

For an extra moisture boost, serums are the way to go. They can be applied underneath your regular moistutizer for more intense hydration.

Epicuren PhytO2 Hydration Serum

A potent, yet light, age-fighting therapy. This exclusive technology utilizes rare components of a botanical blend rich in aloe, proteins, and amino acids; this botanical blend will deeply hydrate the skin, while demanding it to function at a more youthful level.

Hydrating Ingredients: Glycerin

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Intraceuticals Opulence Hydration Gel

Replenishes vital moisture while delivering skin brightening actives. Use as the second step in Intraceuticals’ 3 Step Hyaluronic Layering for a more luminous skin tone.

Hydrating Ingredients: Glycerin & hyaluronic acid

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Intraceuticals Rejuvenate Hydration Gel

Instantly hydrates, providing a reservoir of nutrients to the skin which visibly address the signs of ageing. Works synergistically with Rejuvenate Daily Serum, dramatically enhancing skin appearance.

Hydrating Ingredients: Dimethicone

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Cleansers

If you have dry skin, wash your face with a cleanser only at the end of the day. Use water in the mornings, so you don't strip away too much oil. The following cleansers are gentle and hydrating, making them some of the best cleansing products for dry skin.

Intraceuticals Rejuvenate Cleansing Gel

A lightweight gel cleanser to thoroughly cleanse the skin. Removes impurities, make-up and excess oil, restoring the skin’s natural balance. Sloughs away dull, dead skin cells.

Hydrating Ingredients: Dimethicone

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Epicuren Apricot Cleanser

A gentle, non-foaming cleanser mild enough to use on the eye area. Rich oils make this a great makeup remover and help prevent the loss of moisture during the cleansing process.

Hydrating Ingredients: Glycerin & essential oils

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Jurlique Replenishing Foaming Cleanser

A replenishing foaming cleanser for dry skin that lifts away surface impurities to leave the complexion feeling fresh and clean.

Hydrating Ingredients: Glycerin & essential oils

>>BUY NOW

Want more tips to improve your dry skin? Read them here! And for real, intense hydration and rejuvenation, call Spa Sophia at (310) 564 6676 or e-mail us to set an appointment.

What Skin Type Are You? Find Out!

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The first step towards improving your skin care is knowing your skin type. At Spa Sophia we always do an extensive skin consultation with clients, so we can determine which treatments and products are best for them. We recommend having professional estheticians look at your skin, but if you're unable to come to the spa or are in need of an instant answer, we still want to help. Want to find out what skin type you are? Read on!

Skin Type Test

Splash your clean face with water and dry it gently. Then press one thin peace of paper - such as rice paper - against your forehead and and one against your cheek. Now use the following skin type information to determine your skin type.

Skin Types

Traditionally we divide skin into five types: normal, combination, dry, oily and sensitive. We should note that skin types can change as we age though, and are affected by things like temperature, humidity and hormonal fluctuations. Therefore repeat the skin type test every season or every time you move to a new climate.

Oily Skin

Oily skin is most common during puberty, and is caused by an increased production of sebum. While it can be troublesome in adolescence, there's an upside: Oily skin ages better! So less wrinkles for you.  Here's how to recognize an oily skin type:

Skin Type Test Result

The piece of paper sticks to all areas of the face, and is translucent after.

Oily Skin Traits

  • Large pores.
  • Prone to breakouts, acne and blackheads.
  • Shiny complexion.

Skin Care Tips for Oily Skin

  • Exfoliate twice a week (see our favorite products here).
  • Wash your face with cleansers specifically made for oily/ acne-prone skin. The Clarisonic Acne Brush Head is a great option too.
  • Only wash your face with water in the morning to prevent setting off more oil production
  • Use only non-comedogenic skin products and make-up, as they don't clog pores.

Dry Skin

Skin naturally dries out when aging, and is therefore more common in people over 35. The benefit is that breakouts will become much less frequent, the downside more visible fine lines. Here's how to recognize dry skin:

Skin Type Test Results

The piece of paper doesn't stick to your skin, and comes up clean afterwards.

Dry Skin Traits

  • Small pores.
  • Prone to flaking, fine lines, and red spots.
  • Skin feels tight, especially after cleansing.

Skin Care Tips for Dry Skin:

  • Keep a spray bottle with you.
  • Use gentle, creamy, non drying, soap-free cleansers. Epicuren Apricot Cream Cleanser is a great example.
  • Use a humidifier if your home or office is dry.
  • Use both night and day creams to moisturize (See our favorite moisturizers here).

Combination Skin

While many people think they have dry or oily skin, combination skin is actually the most common skin type.  Here's how to recognize a combination skin:

Skin Type Test Results

The piece of paper doesn't stick and comes up clean in some areas, but sticks and becomes greasy from other areas (most likely the T-Zone).

Combination Skin Traits

  • Oily T-Zone that's prone to breakouts.
  • Dry skin around the eyes, cheeks and temples.
  • Skin that changes with the season or climate.
  • Medium pores, possibly larger on forehead and cheeks.

Skin Care Tips for Combination Skin

Skin care for combination skin varies per season, climate and/or area of the face. The trick is recognizing the trouble spots, and treating them accordingly. Here are some tips:

  • Exfoliate twice a week (see our favorite exfoliates and scrubs here).
  • Use soap free cleansers, and only clean your face twice a day, unless you have perspired excessively. Jurlique's Soothing Foaming Cleanser is a good option.
  • Moisturize your dry spots with oil free moisturizers  throughout the day.
  • Use our tips for dry and oily skin for the dry and oily areas.

Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin shares a lot of traits with dry skin, buts is a little more extreme. Here's how to recognize a combination skin:

Skin Type Test Results

The piece of paper doesn't stick to your skin, and comes up clean afterwards.

Sensitive Skin Traits

  • Thin skin.
  • Small pores.
  • Prone to irritation, flaking and red spots.
  • Reacts badly to lot of cosmetics and skin products.

Skin Care Tips for Dry Skin

One of the most challenging things for sensitive skin is finding the right products. Luckily many stores have a return policy. Signing up for receiving testers from skin care companies can also help. Spa Sophia can also help you with individual product recommendations if you have sensitive skin.

Normal Skin

Although called "normal," not many people are actually blessed with this skin type . Here's how to recognize a normal skin:

Skin Type Test Results

The piece of paper doesn't stick to your skin, but would if you press harder. It comes up clean or with very little oil.

Normal Skin Traits

  • Barely visible pores.
  • Few imperfections.
  • Bright, even complexion.

Skin Care Tips for Normal Skin

Normal skin doesn't require much additional or special skin care. Just get the basics straight, such as applying SPF every day, cleaning your face twice a day, and moisturizing whenever the climate gets colder and dryer.

Want a more in-depth skin analysis? Spa Sophia offers complimentary skin consultations for new clients. Call us at (310) 564 6676 or e-mail us to set an appointment.

Skincare in Your 30s

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skincare 30s los angeles spa sophia abbot kinney blvd veniceA good skincare routine requires a little bit of discipline, but most of all: educating yourself. Luckily Spa Sophia is here to help you with that. Skincare in your 20s shouldn't be the same as skin care in your 50s. So what is the best skincare routine for each age group? We'll tell you! Last month we went in depth about skincare in your 20s, this month we'll look into skin care in your 30s... No matter how well you've taken care of your skin, in your thirties cell turnover will start to slow down and collagen will decrease. This will make your skin thinner, duller and less elastic. Fine lines and wrinkles may start to show, especially around the eyes and mouth. Not to worry though, you can still have a beautiful skin without any cosmetic surgery. Just follow these guidelines for skincare in your 30s...

Moisturize & Sunscreen

Just like in your 20s, for skincare in your 30s it's important to keep protecting your skin from the sun. You don't have to go for a higher SPF level, though. As we explained in our article about sunscreen, after SPF 15 there's little difference in effectiveness. Just make sure you keep using broad spectrum sunscreen/sunblock. Your 30s are also the time to invest in a heavier moisturizer, see our favorites here.

Anti-Aging Creams

Unlike in your 20s, where we recommend you focus mostly on prevention, in your 30s it's time to start investing in a good anti-aging cream. As explained in our previous article, Retinol is one of the most effective anti-aging ingredients around. Opt for the prescription kind, or - if that's too harsh for your skin - get an over the counter cream with retinol. Epicuren's Retinol Complex is one of our favorites. It's available at our webshop as well as the spa.

Gentle Cleansers

Cleaning your skin is always important, and skincare in your 30s is no exception. But in your 30s make sure to always opt for gentle cleansers. Especially at first, Retinol can be quite irritating, so it's important to be gentle to your skin. Use gentle, soapless cleansers such as Cetaphil or one of our recommended products.

Eye Cream

Fine lines and wrinkles will most likely start around your eyes, which is why you should give the skin in that area extra attention. In your 30s, invest in a good eye cream. During the day, wear one that's moisturizing and rich in antioxidants to protect from environmental damage. During the night, wear one with Retinol. If you often have dark circles, look for creams with hydroquinone, vitamin C and brightening ingredients. If puffiness is an issue for you, eye creams with caffeine are the way to go.

Exfoiliating

If you're using Retinol based products, you won' t need too much extra exfoliation. If you don't however, skincare in your 30s can benefit from some increased scrubbing and exfoliation. Get a peel at Spa Sophia, or use at home peels with salicilyc or glycolic acid. If you'd rather use a scrub, then opt for ones with synthetic microbeads and stay away from harsh scrubs. See our favorite at home peels and scrubs in our webshop.

Hopefully this will help you create a better skincare regimen! Obviously different skin types have different needs. Want personalized advice? Come by Spa Sophia at 1027 Abbot Kinney Blvd. in Venice, e-mail us, or call us at (310) 564 6676.

Why You Should Not Pop Pimples

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To pop or not to pop? When you're staring at that annoying, unsightly zit in the mirror the urge to pop it can be strong. You probably heard it before though: You should really, really not pop pimples. And if you absolutely can't stop yourself, at least pop your pimples like a pro. How? Let Spa Sophia's esthehticians tell you. But after why we tell you why you should not pop pimples!

How Does a Pimple Form?

Our pores contain sebaceous glands, which produce sebum. This is an odorless, waxy substance that benefits our skin in multiple ways: It coats our skin to protect it from external hazards and bacteria, it makes our skin water resistant, and it lubricates our skin. It also helps regulate our body temperature.

Our body continually renews our skin, generating new skin cells and shedding dead ones. Sometimes, however, our skin doesn't properly shed dead skin cells, which causes pores to clog. This leads to a buildup of sebum, dead skin cells, and finally bacteria. And this is what we call a pimple or zit. The good thing about pimples is that they're contained. A zit or pimple is basically a small contained sack of gunk beneath the skin. A pimple will dissolve on its own in 3 to 6 days.

Why You Should Not Pop Pimples

Why not pop pimples? Because you'll only make things worse.When you pop a pimple, you break the contained sack of gunk, and may cause the it to splatter. This in turn can cause the gunk to clog other pores and lead to more pimples. It's also possible that the gunk doesn't all come out fully. In that case the pressure you exert on the pimple causes the gunk to spread even deeper underneath your skin. On top of that new bacteria from your fingers can enter the pore. All this can lead to an even bigger pimple, a whole cluster of pimples, or even an inflammation beneath the skin. So either way, it gets worse. A last reason why you should not pop pimples is that you may cause scarring, and scars stay for much, much longer than a pimple, if not forever.

How To Pop A Pimple If You Absolutely Have To

You know now why you should not pop pimples, but if you absolutely can't resist, at least make sure you do it carefully. At Spa Sophia we have gloves and professional tools such as comedone extractor to do it, but we're assuming you don't have those at home. So what to do?

  1. Make sure the pimple is ready. If it doesn't have a white head, it isn't, and you'll likely just cause a deeper infection.
  2. Sterilize a needle by holding it in a flame and rubbing it down with alcohol.
  3. Sterilize your fingers and the skin surrounding your pimple with alcohol.
  4. Prick the white head of your pimple head on and squeeze around it to release the gunk.
  5. Apply some alcohol or other antibacterial agent to the pimple. This may sting a little!

There you go! Now you're an expert on why not to pop pimples, and how to pop them when you absolutely have to. The best thing is preventing pimples, of course. Facials with peels and exfoliation can really help just that. Check our facials here, and book one online or call 310 564 6676 or e-mail us!

4 Anti-Aging Ingredients That Really Work

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Anti-aging creams are plentiful, but sadly not many of them have been proven to cause any long term effects. We have seen first-hand the miracles of a good facial and skin care regimen though, and want to help you find products with anti-aging ingredients that work. So before you buy any more expensive anti-aging creams, read about our 4 anti-aging ingredients that work, really!

1. Retinoids

We've already gone in depth about retinoids in one of our previous posts, because retinoids are one of the few anti-aging ingredients that work according to scientific research. Retinoids increase collagen production and cell turnover and unclogs pores, which gives you a plump skin that is smoother and brighter.

What to Buy

Prescription retinoids are the most effective, but derivatives such as Retinol, Retin-A, Retin-A Micro and Renova also work, just more slowly. Anti-aging creams with these ingredients may take up to 12 weeks to show results. One of Spa Sophia's favorites is Epicuren's Retinol Complex, you can buy it at our web store or at the spa. If you decide to start with retinoids allow your skin to adjust though, as retinoids can dry out skin and cause irritation. Last but not least, don't layer retinoids with benzoyl peroxide or alpha hydroxy acids because they will cancel out the effects.

2. Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA's)

Alpha Hydroxy Acids are natural acids found in fruits and dairy. They work as an exfoiliant by dissolving the glue that holds dead skin cells together, exposing new, fresh skin. This leads to decreased skin discoloration, smoother skin and smaller looking pores. Repeated peels can even improve skin structure. That's why Spa Sophia offers a Facial Peel, and also includes peels in many  facials. You can even buy a Facial Peel package for repeated peels.

What to Buy

The AHA anti-aging ingredients that work are usually listed as glycolic, malic, citric or lactic acids. Our favorites are Epicuren's Clear Glycolic Face Peel 5%Glycolic Lotion Face Peel 10%, Glycolic Lotion Face Peel 5% and Pumpkin Apple Spice Peel.  Do a peel once to twice a week, depending on how sensitive your skin is. Don't buy cleansers with AHA's though. The acids won't be on your skin long enough for a peel to have effect.

3. Anti-Oxidants

Anti-Oxidants don't really remedy aging skin so much as they prevent skin from aging. Anti-oxidants protect your body from free radicals: molecules that cause cell damage and aging. For more in-depth information on what anti-oxidants are and how they work, check our article on Anti-Axodiants.

What To Buy

Vitamin C, green tea, vitamin E, ferulic acid, phloretin and coenzyme Q10 (sometimes listed at CoQ10) are a few powerful anti-oxidants. In terms of products, Spa Sophia recommends Hylunia's Anti-Oxidant Vitamin Mask and Ultimate Anti-Oxidant. The best way to go about including anti-oxidants in your skin care regimen is to just use a combination of different ones. You can also get anti-oxidants through your dieat by eating fruits and vegetables. Make sure you store your anti-oxidant products in a dark, cool place, because warmth and sunlight can make them decay.

4. Sunscreen

More than 90 percent of wrinkles, dark spots and loss of skin elasticity is caused by sun exposure. We've already gone in depth about the do's and don'ts of sunscreen in our Sunscreen & Sunblock article but we can't emphasize it enough: Wear sunscreen. It's one of the best anti-aging ingredients that work. Sunscreen won't repair aging skin but it will stop your skin from aging, or prevent aging altogether.

What To Buy

Get either a sunblock or broad spectrum sunscreen, and put it on every day before you step outside. Get one with a minimum SPF of 30, and realize that make-up or lotions with sunscreen in them are usually not strong enough. If you spend the day outside, re-apply your sunscreen every hour. Check out Spa Sophia's recommended sun protection products here.

These are the anti-aging ingredients that work according to science thus far, but that doesn't mean there aren't others out there that have potential. Epidermal Growth factor has some mixed yet positive research results, and Hyaluronic Acid has been shown to draw an amazing amount of moisture to your skin, which is always good. Also realize that while most beauty products on the market may not cause long term anti-aging benefits, they may still improve the way your skin looks and feels for the day!

Check out Spa Sophia's Facials to jumpstart your skin transformation and get a consultation on what skin products are best for you.

Revolutionary New Treatment: DNA CryoStem Cell Facial

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We have a big passion for staying on top of the latest scientific breakthroughs in the industry, and we're thrilled to introduce our new DNA CryoStem Cell Facial to you! This revolutionary treatment is based on Nobel Prize winning research and was introduced by Beverly Hills dermatologist Dr. Ronald Moy. It was initially only available at the Four Seasons in Westlake Village in Los Angeles, but now Spa Sophia offers the DNA CryoStem Cell Facial as well! Book one now and get $50 off your first DNA facial. Want to know more about this truly groundbreaking treatment that's making name as a non invasive alternative to a facelift? Read on...

The Role of DNA in Aging

Why does our skin get wrinkled over time? Because our cells get older, and as they get older they start cooperating less well. They lose efficiency, get damaged, and even die. This all has to do with DNA. Every cell in your body contains DNA, which contains not just the blueprint of a specific cell, but of your entire being.

Nobel Prize winning Professor Alexis Carrel and Swiss Doctor Niehans of the Clarens Clinic then made a stunning discovery while doing research on embryo extracts: They found that when and old cell comes into contact with a new cell, the new cell reprograms that old cell, making it function like new. Cells do this by exchanging DNA.

What Are Stem Cells?

So new cells are very useful for rejuvenating old cells, like skin cells. The difficulty with new cells though, is that they are extremely rare. Cells take on specific roles very early on: They become blood cells, brain cells and skin cells for example, all before we're even born. And once a cell has taken on a function, you can't "re-assign" it. That's where stem cells come in. Stem cells are cells that aren't assigned to a task yet. They contain flawless DNA information, and are able to become every cell they come in contact with.

dna cryostem cell facial los angeles spa sophia venice abbot kinneyWhere Do DNA Cryo Stem Cells Come From?

The DNA CryoStem Cell Facial's stem cells are gained from bovine (cow) amniotic fluid. But don't worry about the cows; They live on a free-range farm in the French Alps, receive organic feed and are hormone, steroid and antibiotic free. The amniotic procedure is also painless, and the cows replenish their stem cells within 8 hours. The stem cells are then stored cryogenically, aka frozen. This is because at medium or high temperatures the cells decay and lose their value.

The DNA CryoStem Cell Facial

The DNA CryoStem Cell Facial is 100% natural, FDA approved, and chemical and preservative free. It starts off with a thorough cleanse. After that you'll receive a microdermabrasion: a deep exfoliation of epidermal skin cells with the help of tiny crystals. This will enable the CryoStem Cell serum to penetrate the skin better and deeper. Then DNA's CryoStem Cell serum is applied. This serum consists of organic vitamins, minerals, essential fats, enzymes, natural antioxidants and stem cells. The DNA CryoStem Cell Facial lasts 60 minutes costs $250. Spa Sophia now offers $50 off for first time DNA facials! Book now.

DNA CryoStem Cell Facial Results

Because the stem cells will adapt to your skin and restore and reprogram your old skin cells, your skin will not only feel younger, it will be younger. The DNA CryoStem Cell Facial has been clinically proven to enhance skin cell growth by 71%. This process will last for days after your treatment, peaking at 6 days. It's not without reason DNA CryoStem Cell Facial is being helmed as the non invasive alternative to facelifts. The DNA CryoStem Cell Facial remedies wrinkles, fine lines, aging spots, scars, acne scars, bags under the eyes, uneven complexity and even laxness of skin in the neck and chest area.

How Many DNA CryoStem Cell Facial Treatments Do I Need?

Results are immediate, and keep increasing over 6 days. However, to also effect the deeper layers of skin and get the best long term results, it's recommended that you get 6 treatments over two months. Each treatment will progressively increase results, and after 6 treatments most layers of the skin will have been improved. After that occasional treatments as a booster are optional.

DNA Facial After Care

The serum used in the DNA CryoStem Cell Facial will continue to sink into your skin throughout the night. That's why we recommend that you don't work out, wash, or put on make-up after your DNA Facial.

The DNA CryoStem Cell Facial results are virtually unparalleled and can't be achieved with any regular skin care products. Want to schedule a DNA CryoStem Cell Facial now? Book one online or call us at (310) 564 6676, or send us an email!